Humans vs. Nature: Elephants are particularly sensitive to the progress of civilization,
On the shores of Dipore Beel / As the train is running / The herd of elephants descends down the hill of the forest / The train pushes the elephants / Which way is the world / What is the progress / Which way is mankind moving / What is the progress …
These songs, dedicated to the elephants that come to Dipo Bill, depict the helplessness of Assamese music composer Ibsen Lal Baruah, who composed a song called Deepar Bilore Paare Pare – The Musical Protest, to raise awareness, and to save Bill, and misery. Elephant
The story of Deepar Bill is not limited to this song. It is a permanent freshwater lake, one of the largest lakes in Lower Assam, located on a former channel of the Brahmaputra River, which is the main source of livelihood for more than 1,200 families of indigenous villagers living nearby. Freshwater fish in addition to its rich flora and fauna. Residents and activists in the area are protesting against the construction of a broad-gauge railway along the southern perimeter of the lake against the railways and the forest department of the Assam government, which could pose a serious threat to the crossing. Elephants in this corridor.
Conflicts between humans and nature are nothing new, but they are all the more important today because of uncontrolled development activities such as human settlement, expansion of roads and industries, brick kilns and soil cutting in the natural world, which is a threat to existence. Of the natural world and biodiversity.
Consider the human-elephant conflict in India. India has more than 27,000 Asian elephants, making it the world’s largest population of this rare species. Throughout Asia, elephants live in a variety of habitats and landscapes, including agricultural landscapes, fragmented landscapes, and forest patches.
Studies on the conflict between elephants and humans in Asia and Africa have identified crop operations as a major form of conflict. Over the years, these conflicts have continued to escalate and have affected human lives, property, as well as the elephant population. With the increase in human population, elephant habitat has changed through development and this has given rise to human-elephant conflict (HEC) which has led to unfortunate and tragic consequences for both humans and elephants. There are ways to reduce or resolve such conflicts because they are important for the effective conservation of species such as elephants.
In fact, in India, human-elephant conflict kills about 500 people annually, as most of the areas that make up the elephant’s habitat are near or adjacent to human settlements, and there are often conflicts between animal migration or food and indigenous peoples.
This conflict is most evident from the fact that elephants die in tragic railway accidents every year, as well as being killed by humans for reasons other than ivory and habitat degradation. On the other hand, elephants are also responsible for crop attacks, injuries and deaths.
In light of such alarming developments, a field manual has recently been launched across Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Bengal, Assam and Uttarakhand to manage important elephant landscapes and guide forest workers in dealing with human-elephant conflicts. The manual was launched by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF & CC) and the Wildlife Institute of India (WWI) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF India). It details best practices for reducing human-elephant conflict to provide guidance to forest officials and departments and other stakeholders on interventions to help mitigate HEC in both emergencies and when conflicts are a recurring challenge.
Ravi Singh, Secretary-General and CEO, WWF India, said, “The field manual specifies the conditions under which forest officials and their teams should consider various interventions and is a living document that will incorporate field experience from time to time. The efforts that our teams have made to help both the affected community and the elephants. “
The manual is an important step towards being a ready resource for those working to maintain human-elephant harmony across the country. If applied properly, the manual promises to help save lives, protect property, and promote the well-being of both humans and elephants. The manual is a living document, revised and re-assigned every two to three years based on the latest insights into conflict management.
BLURB: The collision is quite clear from the tragic death of an elephant in a tragic railway accident.
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